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Papua New Guinea Kina
The Kina is the official currency of Papua New Guinea. It is divided in a hundred toea. The Kina was issued on 19 April 1975, replacing the Australian Dollar. The term Kina comes from the Tolai area of Kuanua and refers to a precious pearl shell widely used in the area for buying and selling.
- Over 75% of the nation's inhabitants are completely reliant on a subsistence economy.
- Vast amounts of mineral resources (oil, copper, and gold) can be found in Papua New Guinea, making up nearly 3/4 of exports. Coffee, cocoa, tea, and palm oil are also major exports.
- Papua New Guinea faces numerous challenges that prevent high economic growth, including its rugged terrain, high infrastucture development costs, law and order issues, and a poor system of land title.
- Papua New Guinea’s economy is highly dependent imports for manufactured materials.
- In 1975, a 1 Kina coin was introduced - spherical with a hole in the centre. This designation was gotten smaller since 2006 while its larger predecessor was removed from circulation in December, 2008.
- Large denomination bills were introduced starting in 1977 with the 20 kina note. In 1990, a 50 kina banknote was inroduced, and in 2005 they launched the 100 kina note.
- In 1980, 50 toea coins were introduced, though they were intended for commemorative means and were not consistent in design.
- In 2008, a new, bimetallic, 2 kina coin was introduced to replace the two kina note.
Symbols and Names
- Symbols: K
- Nicknames: none
ISO 4217 Code
- Toea = 1/100 of a Kina
- Bills: 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100 kina
- Coins: 5, 10, 20, 50 toea. 1 kina
Countries Using This Currency
- Papua New Guinea
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